Analysts at the Reserve Bank have projected house prices could increase by 30 per cent over the next three years if low interest rates prevail.
An RBA report released under a Freedom of Information request on Friday examined the effect of ongoing low interest rates on asset values. The central bank has cut the cash rate by 1.4 percentage points over the past 18 months and it is now at an all-time low of 0.1 per cent.
The report shows that low interest rates will increase asset prices, which will have a ripple effect on wealth and household spending, bucking the house price trends predicted last year.
While house prices could soar, the lower interest rates could also lead to higher levels of debt if lending standards become less rigorous.
The economists indicated that while interest rates remained low, unemployment rates would have a bigger impact on the economy.
Long-term low interest rates may add pressure to housing supply, mortgage debt rates and increase the investor segment of the residential market.
The report said that monetary policy tends to have a larger effect in areas where housing supply constraints are binding and mortgage debt is higher.
“First home buyer activity has increased strongly in recent months, a positive indication of access to housing for younger households,” the report said.
“Low rates are also supporting government borrowing and subsequently the economic recovery.”
The report indicates monetary policy stimulus will have a “two-sided effect” on the income and wealth of depositors and self-funded retirees who will benefit from an increase in asset values, while also having to draw down on savings to subsidise a loss of investment income due to the impact of lower interest rates. The government has also cut deeming rates for the aged pension to guarantee the amount pensioners will receive.
“Retiree advocacy groups argue that current deeming rates are still too high given the current level of the cash rate, and could push retirees to consider riskier investments like equities,” the report said.