The Ocean Cleanup project has been redesigned and relaunched, as it makes its second attempt to clean up a giant pile of plastic concentrated in the Pacific Ocean.
Last September The Ocean Cleanup made the world’s first attempt to clean the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”, a smog of the world's largest zone of ocean plastics located between Hawaii and California.
Technology to solve this issue had not been developed or deployed before the September attempt.
Ocean plastic activists and marine scientists who have criticised the project, describing it as a “hard to pull off technological innovation”, have warned it could also detract attention from the push to stop plastics from entering the ocean to begin with.
The infamous GPGP: Around 80 million kilograms of floating plastic have accumulated in an area which is reportedly three times the size of continental France.
This is an estimated 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic, principally made of polyethylene (think grocery bags, shampoo bottles) and polypropylene (a thermal plastic also used for many consumer products), circulating the ocean.
During its maiden voyage, the 600-metre long floating boom broke, with creator of the Ocean Cleanup project Boyan Slat also adding that the system did not maintain sufficient speed.
“Allowing plastic to exit the system,” he said.
“Additionally, the floater suffered from a structural failure, causing an 18-metre end section to disconnect from the rest of the system.”
Over recent months, the team worked on solving the issues to get the system back into the sea.
“The main improvement of the structural design was to simplify the HDPE pipe and allow minimal fluctuations in the wall thickness,” Slat said.
“To retain the captured plastic, it's not as important if the system moves slower or faster than the plastic, rather the key is consistency: the velocity difference must either always be positive or negative.”
“In other words, the system must always go faster than the plastic or always go slower than the plastic.
“Fluctuations in the speed will prevent the plastic from staying within the system – as we saw during the previous campaign.”
Slat said the principle behind the design process is to test, learn and repeat, “until you have a proven concept”.
“We don’t know with certainty that these proposed options will solve the issues we have encountered. In fact, there may still be further unknowns, as is the nature when doing something that has never been done before. What we do know, is that every day we are not yet operational the plastic pollution problem is not getting better.”
“Hopefully nature doesn't have too many surprises in store for us this time," Slat said in a tweet.
“Either way, we're set to learn a lot from this campaign.”