CoreLogic's May Home Value Index has confirmed that the capital gains trend has slowed over recent months, with dwelling values edging 0.4% higher over the three months ending May 2017.
Australia’s capital cities saw a cooling of housing market conditions over May with a -1.1% fall in dwelling values across the combined capitals.
The month-on-month fall was largely the result of declines in Sydney and Melbourne, where dwelling values have recorded significant gains over the current growth cycle to date.
“The past three months has seen capital city dwelling values rise by a modest 0.4%, with four of the eight capitals recording a fall," CoreLogic Head of Research Tim Lawless said.
"Over the past three months, Sydney dwelling values are unchanged while Melbourne values have increased by 0.7%.
“The trend in growth rates across the smaller capital cities was mixed with dwelling values across Brisbane and Adelaide continuing to inch higher while values in Perth and Darwin showed further easing over the most recent rolling quarter.
"A steep drop in the Hobart index has reversed the gains recorded over the previous quarter and the Canberra index was also -1.5% lower over the past three months," he said.
“The May home value results should be viewed in the context of demonstrated seasonality; values have fallen during May in four of the past five years. Reading through the seasonality indicates that value growth in the market has lost momentum, particularly in Sydney and Melbourne where affordability constraints are more evident and investors have comprised a larger proportion of housing demand."
Mr Lawless said Mortgage rates are continuing to trend higher, particularly for investors, and another factor that is likely contributing to slower growth conditions is a dent in consumer confidence.
"Consumer sentiment towards housing, as measured by Westpac and the Melbourne Institute, has shown a marked downturn in May," he said.
“In particular, the Westpac ‘time to buy a dwelling index’, fell 6.5% over the month. According to Westpac, ‘consumer sentiment towards housing shows an increasingly negative view’."Other market indicators suggest a slower pace of growth such as a reduction in market activity, a moderating trend in auction clearance rates and rising advertised stock levels.
CoreLogic estimated dwelling turnover for the combined capital cities were tracking 6.9% lower year-on-year.
Mr Lawless said a number of factor could be responsible including affordability constraints, tighter credit policies, rising mortgage rates and a downturn in consumer sentiment towards housing.
The largest year-on-year falls have been in Melbourne (-12.4%), Brisbane (-11.1%) and Sydney (-4.3%) suggesting that housing demand has eased relative to a year ago across the three largest cities.
Lower activity in the market was also supported by a slowdown in valuation activity across CoreLogic valuation platforms which account for more than 95% of mortgage related valuation instructions.
After rebounding from the slower April reading, CoreLogic’s Mortgage Index was tracking 9.3% lower than at the same time last year over May.
Melbourne clearance rates held firmer, tracking in the mid-to-high 70% range over the month.
"The final week of May saw the Melbourne clearance rate reach 74%, which is the lowest reading so far this year and Sydney recorded a clearance rate of 73%, which is the third lowest clearance rate over the year to date," Mr Lawless said.
Advertised stock levels nudging higher
The number of residential properties advertised for sale started to edge higher across some cities, with Sydney in particular seeing a surge in newly advertised stock, up 15% compared with last year, while total advertised listings are now 6.3% higher than a year ago.
“Higher stock levels should provide prospective buyers with more choice and reduce some of the urgency that has been contributing to rapid selling times and price escalation," Mr Lawless said.
Capital city asking rents were the strongest growth rate since March 2014, at 4.2% higher over the past year.
“The rise in rents relative to the slip in dwelling values was enough to push gross rental yields off their record lows," Mr Lawless said.
"Despite the moderate increase, gross rental yields remain well below their long term average in Sydney and Melbourne.
“If investors are concerned about the run of capital growth in the two largest cities coming to an end, the more astute investors may change their focus towards the rental return given the possibility of lower capital growth potential.”
The Australian Bureau of Statistics' latest data revealed that investors comprised 48% of the value of new mortgage demand (excluding refinances) in March.
Mr Lawless said there is a high possibility that investor activity, and consequently housing demand, will slow further during 2017, considering the full effect of the recent round of macroprudential measures is yet to be seen.
“Investor demand will also be dampened due to higher mortgage rates and tighter credit policies as well as the added disincentive of low rental yields and reduced ability to claim depreciation and travel expenses.
“While we are expecting investment activity to slow, the fact is other asset classes aren’t likely to be as attractive as property to investors," he said.
"Cash and bonds continue to provide low but safe returns and equities remain volatile. Considering the alternatives, we are likely to see property investment remain a popular option."
“Mortgage rates could edge higher over coming months as lenders accommodate recent macroprudential announcements within their credit policies," Mr Lawless said.
"The funding levy announced in this year’s federal budget could also see higher mortgage rates as lenders potentially pass on some of the associated costs.”
Mr Lawless said the jury was still out on whether the housing market has peaked, but it's possible that a peak could be just around the corner.
"The housing market remains as diverse as ever and the flow of data over coming months will be critical to get a better understanding of the trends.”
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