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The Top 10 Tallest Buildings of 2019


Skyscraper development hit record heights in 2019 with 26 super-tall towers completed globally.

According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, 126 buildings of at least 200 meters were completed over the year, down slightly on the 146 completed in 2018.

The number of super-tall towers—buildings reaching 300 meters or taller—grew by 44 per cent.

For the sixth year in a row at least one 500-metre-plus building was completed, Tianjin CTF Finance Centre in China, which at 530 metres makes it the third-tallest building in China.

After years of feverish construction, the number of new skyscrapers in China dropped sharply in 2019, completing just 56 new buildings measuring 200 meters or above, down more than 38 per cent from the preceding year.

China still accounted for almost half of new completions worldwide, including six of the year's 10 tallest new towers. But the country's total was at its lowest since 2013.

Asia contributed 69 per cent, or 87 of the 126 completions to reach 200-metres-plus, in 2019.

The United States was again the second-most prolific country, with 14 completions, for 11 per cent of 2019’s total.

“This is the fifth year in a row that a building over 500 metres has been completed, which is a remarkable accomplishment for the building industry—it was only 15 years ago that such buildings didn’t exist,” CTBUH chief executive Antony Wood said.

Among the year's tallest building trends were transit-oriented development, with the demand for high-quality real estate and optimal connectivity a highlight as well as sky-bridges.


10. Raffles City Chongqing T3N

354.5 m

Raffles City Chongqing T3N


Raffles City Chongqing, also known as Raffles City Chongqing T4N and Chongqing Chaotianman T4N, is comprised of eight buildings in Yuzhong District, Chongqing, China.

The multi-tower development, now one of the tallest buildings in the world, features a 300-metre-long horizontal skybridge called "Crystal" that connects the top of four of the skyscrapers.

Location: Chongqing, China
Developer: CapitaLand Limited
Architect: Safdie Architects

Proposed: 2011
Construction Start: 2015
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #56 Tallest in the World


9. Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower A

368.1m

Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower A


Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower A is the tallest building of three towers in a complex called Golden Eagle Square Plaza.

The mixed-use development features a five-star hotel, office spaces, and apartments.

Location: Nanjing, China
Developer: Nanjing Golden Eagle International Group
Architect: East China Architectural Design & Research Institute

Proposed: 2011
Construction Start: 2013
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #47 Tallest in the World


8. Dalian International Trade Centre

370.2m

Dalian International Trade Center


Rising from the historic city centre surrounding Zhongshan Square, Dalian International Trade Centre is among the first supertall buildings to emerge from this historic port city’s rapidly growing skyline.

The mixed-use building is comprised of a six story retail podium topped with luxury apartments on floors 8 through 54 and then offices through the 84th floor.

Location: Dalian, China
Developer: Dalian International Trade Center Co., Ltd.
Architect: Dalian Architectural Design & Research Institute

Construction Start: 2003
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #45 Tallest in the World


7. 30 Hudson Yards

387.1m

30 Hudson Yards


30 Hudson Yards will anchor the Hudson Yards development, touted as the largest private real estate development in United States history.

The tower will be the tallest in the development and the second tallest office building in New York City.

It features river-to-river panoramic views, outdoor terraces, a triple-height lobby, and direct access to the New York's No. 7 subway line.

Location: New York City, United States
Developer: Oxford Properties Group
Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates

Proposed: 2011
Construction Start: 2014
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #36 Tallest in the World


6. LCT The Sharp Landmark Tower

411.6m

LCT The Sharp Landmark Tower


Haeundae LCT The Sharp is a major urban development project that recently reached completion in Busan, South Korea.

Located in Haeundae's popular beach, it consists of a 411.6 metre, 101-storey supertall landmark tower and two 85-storey tall residential skyscrapers.

The development has an urban entertainment complex at the base housing a shopping mall, a hot spring spa and a water park.

The tallest tower will house luxury and residential hotels with a convention centre and observatory.

Location: Busan, South Korea
Developer: N/A
Architect: Skidmore Owings & Merrill

Construction Start: 2015
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #32 Tallest in the World


5. Wuhan Centre Tower

438 m

Wuhan Center Tower


The Wuhan Centre tower, located in Wuhan, is divided into five vertical sections, comprising retail, office, and residential spaces, as well as a hotel.

The 126-story, waterfront super-tall tower, has been beset by controversies over the years with its completion pushed back and its height scaled-down several times.

Location: Wuhan, China
Developer: Oxford Properties Group
Architect: East China Architectural Design & Research Institute

Proposed: 2008
Construction Start: 2011
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #24 Tallest in the World


4. The Exchange 106

445.1 m

The Exchange 106


Following its competition, the Exchange 106 skyscraper officially dethroned the Petronas Twin Towers, at 452m, as the tallest building in Malaysia.

The 380,479sq m tower is located in the Tun Razak Exchange, or TRX, an upcoming financial district in Kuala Lumpur that was originally developed by scandal-plagued state fund 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB).

Exchange 106 and TRX are now owned by Indonesian developer Mulia Property Development and Malaysia's Ministry of Finance.

Location: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Developer: Mulia Group
Architect: Peter Chan Architect

Proposed: 2015
Construction Start: 2016
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #20 Tallest in the World


3. Suzhou IFS

455.6 m

Suzhou IFS


Suzhou has long been a centre of trade in China, and its latest tower pays tribute to this achievement.

The 310,000sq m tower is inspired by the form of a fish, a symbol of prosperity and a nod to the role that water has played in the city’s history and identity—the city is surrounded by lakes and canals, causing it to become known as “Venice of the East.”

At night, the tower cladding is articulated with glowing LEDs.

Location: Suzhou, China
Developer: Suzhou Gao Long Property Development Company
Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates

Proposed: 2010
Construction Start: 2012
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #18 Tallest in the World


2. Lakhta Centre

462 m

Lakhta Center


At 462 metres tall, the Lakhta Centre is the 13th-tallest building in the world. The high-rise is expected to become the future headquarters of Russian energy company Gazprom.

Architects RMJM designed to the tower to resemble a flame. The tower has also been compared to a twisting needle, since the entire structure rotates 90 degrees.

The building was originally planned for the heart of the city, but residents worried it would drastically alter the skyline.

Location: St. Petersburg, Russia
Developer: Joint Stock Company Gazpromneft Eastern European Projects
Architect: RMJM

Proposed: 2010
Construction Start: 2012
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #13 Tallest in the World


1. Tianjin CTF Finance Centre

530.4 m

Tianjin CTF Finance Centre


The 252,144sq m Tianjin CTF Finance Centre, developer by leisure conglomerate Chow Tai Fook Enterprises is located in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, an outer district of Tianjin, China.

The tower, the tallest building completed in 2019, serves as an anchor for the larger area development, while housing office space, luxury serviced apartments, and a hotel.

The building features 249 apartments, 365 hotel rooms as well as 1,761 parking spaces.

Chow Tai Fook Enterprises along with casino giant Star Entertainment Group and developer Far East Consortium are currently undertaking Brisbane's $3.6 billion Queen’s Wharf development.

Location: Tianjin, China
Developer: Chow Tai Fook Enterprises
Architect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP

Proposed: 2011
Construction Start: 2013
Completion: 2019

Global Ranking: #8 Tallest in the World

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