From the amazing, the enormous and the renovated to the now-abandoned, there's no shortage of spectacular shopping centres across the world.
Below we've listed just a few.
The Landmark (Central), Hong Kong (below)
Landmark represents the epitome of top-tier, opulent shopping and lifestyle experiences. Drawing from a rich heritage dating back to 1904, Landmark today is the luxury shopping destination of Hongkong Land’s Central portfolio and includes the four iconic buildings of Landmark Atrium, Landmark Alexandra, Landmark Chater, and Landmark Princes, seamlessly linked by pedestrian bridges, and offering approximately 208 of the finest stores and restaurants. From high fashion and accessories to watches and jewellery, from luxury living to beauty and grooming, from international cuisine to authentic gourmet dining, Landmark brings the ultimate shopping experience to discerning customers.
Mall of the Emirates, UAE (below)
The Mall of the Emirates, the world’s first shopping resort, is located in Dubai at interchange four on Sheikh Zayed Road. The multi-level shopping centre currently features more than 560 international brands with a total gross leasable area (GLA) of 233,467 sqm including department stores, fashion, lifestyle, sports, electronics and home furnishing outlets and the largest Carrefour in the city.
The compelling family leisure offer includes a Magic Planet family entertainment area, a 14-screen VOX Cinemas, the world-renowned Ski Dubai - the Middle East’s first indoor ski resort and snow park, the 500-seat capacity Dubai Community Theatre and Arts Centre (DUCTAC) and more than 90 international dining and café options.
Mall of the Emirates features an unmatched luxury offer housing more than 80 of the world’s most renowned designer brands in Fashion Dome and Via Rodeo. For the convenience of guests, the mall has two adjoining hotels: the 5-star Kempinski Mall of the Emirates and the 5-star Sheraton Dubai Mall of the Emirates Hotel.
SM City North EDSA, Phillipines (below)
SM City North EDSA is the first SM Supermall operated by SM Prime Holdings, which is the largest retail and mall operator in the Philippines. With a gross floor area of 424,691 square meters, SM City North Edsa is the largest shopping centre by gross leasable area in the Philippines, and the third largest in the world.
It is located at the intersection of North Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) in Quezon City, approximately a kilometer west of Quezon City Hall and 10 kilometres north of Makati City.
It features the SM Store, its major anchor, an SM Supermarket, a Hypermarket, a Foodcourt, a Skydome which is an Amphitheater for events with more than 1,200 seats, a 12-cinema complex, and much more! It offers over 3,700 parking slots and valet services on three strategic locations.
Debenhams is a leading international, multi-channel brand with a proud British heritage which trades out of over 240 stores across 27 countries. Debenhams gives its customers around the world a unique, differentiated and exclusive mix of own brands, international brands and concessions.
Debenhams has been investing in design for over 20 years through its exclusive Designers at Debenhams portfolio of brands. Current designers include Abigail Ahern, Jeff Banks, Jasper Conran, Sadie Frost and Jemima French, Patrick Grant, Henry Holland, Betty Jackson, Stephen Jones, Ben de Lisi, Todd Lynn, Julien Macdonald, Laura Oakes, Jenny Packham, Ren Pearce and Andrew Fionda, Aliza Reger, John Rocha, Ashley Thomas, Justin Thornton, Eric Van Peterson and Matthew Williamson.
Debenhams’ $30m refurbishment of its UK flagship store on Oxford Street, at a cost of £25m over three years, sees the retailer aiming to create an environment that redefines the brand.
Completely abandoned and now known as a "ghost shopping centre," South China Mall was once the largest shopping centre in the world based on leasable space with a total area of 892,000 square metres (9,600,000 sq ft) of which approximately 659,612 square metres (7,100,000 sq ft).
The mall was built on former farmlands in the Wanjiang District of the city. The project was spearheaded by Hu Guirong who became a billionaire in the instant noodle industry.
Now abandoned, the featured seven zones reflecting international cities, nations and regions, including Amsterdam, Paris, Rome, Venice, Egypt, the Caribbean, and California and features include a 25-metre replica of the Arc de Triomphe, a replica of Venice's St Mark's bell tower, a 2.1-kilometre canal with gondolas, and a 553-metre (1,814 ft) indoor-outdoor roller coaster.
This mall has enough space to fit seven Yankee stadiums inside at more than 230,000 sqm. Since opening its doors in 1992, Mall of America has revolutionised the shopping experience and become a leader in retail, entertainment and attractions. Mall of America is one of the top tourist destinations in the country as well as one of the most recognizable brands.
Mall of America has earned a national reputation for entertaining guests. From musical acts to celebrity book signings to fashion shows, Mall of America is the Hollywood of the Midwest. Along with coverage in many national and local broadcast and print media outlets, Mall of America has been featured on the Discovery Channel, Travel Channel and TLC. By hosting more than 400 events each year, the Mall has become the place where fans can meet and greet their favorite celebrities or take part in interactive, one-of-a-kind events.
The Złote Tarasy s a commercial, office, and entertainment complex in the center of Warsaw, Poland, located next to the Warszawa Centralna railway station between Jana Pawła II and Emilii Plater streets. It opened on 7 February 2007.
The architectural concept of Złote Tarasy was designed by The Jerde Partnership, for which the firm received the 2006 Architectural Review MIPIM Future Project Award in the Retail and Leisure category. The total area of the building amounts to 205,000 m². It includes 200 shops and restaurants (occupying 63,500 m²), a hotel, a multiplex cinema (8 screens, 2560 seats, opened on 31 August 2007 ) and an underground parking garage for 1,400 cars. A transparent roof covers its signature central indoor courtyard designed for concerts and similar events. The building cost $500 million.